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What meats or fish should be in my dog’s food?

What meats or fish should be in my dog’s food?

1) The meat in your Shih Tzu's food should have these written: Beef. Chicken. Turkey. Lamb. Duck. Bison. Venison. Salmon. etc. If the package just says ​meat meal ​ or ​animal digest ​ or ​animal fat ​ or ​fish oil ​ , avoid it because it’s likely not healthy ingredients.  2) The meat or fish should be the 1st ​AND​ 2nd ingredient, even better if the third or fourth ingredient as well.  
● Chicken, chicken liver, chicken heart.... ● Beef, beef liver, beef kidney, beef spleen....
● Chicken, whole grain wheat, barley, whole grain sorghum.... garbage ● Corn gluten meal, meat and bone meal, turkey meal, soybean meal.... complete garbage.
Are there any grains or cereals in the food?
Wheat, corn, soybean, barley, rice, oats, sorghum.... why are grains and cereals found in dog food?
Because dogs need protein. Meat is the perfect protein for dogs – the only ​ protein, in fact, that dogs are born to digest. But because meat is expensive, manufacturers will try to use as little meat as they can get away with. Enter grains and cereals.
Grain-free diets are now in big demand. Which means the pet food companies need another source of protein less expensive than meat.
Thus.... legumes.

Are there any legumes in the food?

Green peas, pea starch, pea protein, pea fiber, pea flour, chickpeas, soybeans, kidney beans, lentils....
Unfortunately it’s NOT a kind of protein that is well-digested by dogs. Legumes can cause intestinal discomfort. P.S. It is also suspected to potentially cause your dog heart issues.
Are there any starchy vegetables in the food?
Avoid red or white potatoes, sweet potatoes, yams, butternut squash, and corn. They are starchy foods that are foriegn to a dog's digestive system.
It’ll turn into glucose very quickly, which causes your dog's blood sugar to spike, putting him or her at risk to ​insulin resistance ​ or diabetes.
Are there any extra oils in the food?
Numerous companies incorporate oils. I generally lean toward the oil that can be named. I particularly prefer to see salmon oil since it gives great unsaturated fats and contains the most minimal degrees of poisonous mercury and different contaminants.  
Remember that dogs can't break down plant-based oils as well as fish-based oils. I wouldn't turn down dog food with flaxseed oil, but something like salmon oil is definitely preferred.
Are there any ingredients you don't recognize as food?
Starting at about the middle of the Ingredients list, you'll often see a long list of synthetic vitamins and minerals, like this:
potassium chloride, dl-methionine, l-lysine, taurine, l-carnitine, beta-carotene, vitamin A, vitamin D3, vitamin E, zinc sulfate, ferrous sulfate, niacin, folic acid, biotin, vitamin B12, etc....
They are not terrible ingredients, but it's much better for a dog to obtain his vitamins and minerals from the actual FOOD itself.
To summarize: The initial few (or more)ingredients ought to be a particular meat or fish. No grains. No corn. No (or possibly ONE) vegetable, for example, lentils or entire green peas. No (or perhaps ONE) plain vegetable, for example, yam or butternut squash.
Instead, look for some key pieces of information:
1) Does the package (or the company's website) actually say that their ingredients (especially their MEATS) are ​human-grade ​ or human-edible ​ or ​approved for human consumption ​ ?
If it doesn't say that it is.... then they aren't.
Beware! Some companies claim their ingredients "come from USDA inspected" facilities.  
That carries no weight.  
If those ingredients had actually ​passed​ the inspection, the company would have said so.  

What about all the other information on the package or company
"Science-based nutrition.... biology-based dog food.... balanced nutrition.... highest quality protein.... helps clean your dog's teeth.... made with love...."
It's just smart marketing and is not actually meaningful. Don’t fall for it..